Urartu

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Das Urartäische Reich auch kurz Urarṭu, (urartäisch Biainili, assyrischKUR​Artaya KURURI akkadisch KURUraštu, biblisch vermutlich Ararat) war ein. Das Urartäische Reich auch kurz Urarṭu, war ein altorientalisches Reich um den Vansee in Kleinasien, das sich später bis in das Urmia- und Sewanbecken sowie die Arax-Ebene ausbreitete. Urartu (9. Jh. bis 7. Jh. v. Chr.) Sprachcodes. ISO xur. Kaukasus (und Urartu). Ġambašije, I. Georgien - Schätze aus dem Land des goldenen Vlies, Katalog Bochum (Bochum); Giemsch, L. / Hansen, S. (Hrsg.)​. is devoted to archaeological and historical research in the area of the ancient near-eastern kingdom of "Biainili", better known by the Assyrian name "Urartu".

Urartu

Das Urartäische Reich auch kurz Urarṭu, war ein altorientalisches Reich um den Vansee in Kleinasien, das sich später bis in das Urmia- und Sewanbecken sowie die Arax-Ebene ausbreitete. is devoted to archaeological and historical research in the area of the ancient near-eastern kingdom of "Biainili", better known by the Assyrian name "Urartu". Kaukasus (und Urartu). Ġambašije, I. Georgien - Schätze aus dem Land des goldenen Vlies, Katalog Bochum (Bochum); Giemsch, L. / Hansen, S. (Hrsg.)​. Rosch made a Urartu attempt a few years later, but he and his party were attacked and killed. Zimansky, Archaeological inquiries into ethno-linguistic diversity in Urartuw: Drews R. A new phase of excavations began after the war. Edwards, I. W VII wieku p. Submit Feedback. The Urartians were succeeded in the area in the 6th century bce by the Armenians. Https://newtheater.co/free-casino-online/spiele-poison-eve-video-slots-online.php period — saw the renewal of Assyrian expansion. In the same year, Sargon click the following article to close in on Urartu from the east.

The people of Urartu, famous metalworkers, spoke a language that was related to Hurrian a language that has no other known connections , and they adapted a simplified Assyrian cuneiform script for their own purposes.

Scholars can read most inscriptions - although there are not many - and understand them: nearly all of these texts refer to the building activities of the Urartian kings.

This means that for a reconstruction of Urartian history we depend on Assyrian sources. It appears that from the second quarter of the early ninth century on, Urartu was ruled by a single dynasty, which expanded the kingdom to the south in a period when Assyria was weak.

The Euphrates became Urartu's western border; beyond that river, there were friendly contacts with Phrygia , another early state from the Iron Age.

However, Assyria recuperated and in BCE, the Armenian king Rusa was defeated by the Assyrian king Sargon, who marched almost unopposed through the country in the north and took possession of the statue of the Urartian supreme god Haldi.

The event is recorded in the Assyrian Eponym List. After this humiliation, Rusa refused to live and committed suicide.

Through Trapezus , there were trade contacts with Greece, which explains why lions in Greek art of this period resemble the lions made by the sculptors from Urartu.

After a century of development, the fertile country had become a natural target for the nomads who lived north of the Caucasus known to the Greeks as " Scythians ", Sacae, Sakesinai, Cimmerians , and so on.

Archaeologists have discovered that many Urartian fortresses e. Arrowheads from a type known from modern Ukraine suggest that the Scythians were responsible for the destruction, although there are alternative explanations.

The problem is that our Assyrian sources come to an end at precisely this moment: the Babylonians and Medes captured Nineveh in BCE.

Having suffered from the Scythian invasion, the country could have been an easy target for the Babylonians, but they appear to have been not interested.

It is more likely that Urartu was subject to some kind of Median supremacy, because in BCE, a Median army fought a battle at the river Halys in central Turkey against the Lydian king Alyattes.

This is only possible if the Medes had found a way to pass through Urartu. Annexation is a possibility and perhaps the Median conqueror was Cyaxares.

Although the Urartians owed much of their cultural heritage to the Hurrians, they were to a much greater degree indebted to the Assyrians , from whom they borrowed script and literary forms, military and diplomatic practices, and artistic motifs and styles.

The Assyrian influence was manifested in two phases: first, from about bce to , when the Assyrians campaigned in Urartian territory and met only scattered resistance; and second, from to , during the heyday of the Urartian kingdom.

In the first phase, Assyrian influence was felt directly, and the local inhabitants were helplessly exposed to ruthless depredation at the hands of the Assyrians.

In the second phase, Urartu produced its own distinctive counterparts to all Assyrian achievements. The first century of the new kingdom seems to have emphasized military operations in imitation of Assyria , and Urartu waged relentless warfare on its neighbours to the east, west, and north.

For the reign of Sarduri I c. But for the reigns of his son Ishpuini c. The temple of Haldi at Ardini was richly endowed by the Urartian kings but was open to Assyrian worshipers.

It seems that the state religion received its established form at that time, and the hierarchy of the many gods in the Urartian pantheon is expressed by a list of sacrifices due them.

The first evidence of engineering projects, designed to increase the productivity of the home country by irrigation , dates to the reign of Meinua.

Under those kings, Urartu thrust out westward to the great bend of the Euphrates River and intermittently beyond, toward Melitene modern Malatya and the ancient Syrian district of Commagene , thus cutting off one of the main supply roads by which Assyria obtained essential iron from the western Taurus Mountains.

Argishti I subdued the Melitene Hilaruada c. For a short time Urartu thus had a bridgehead west of the Euphrates from Malatya to Halfeti ancient Halpa in Commagene, and its empire reached to within 20 miles 32 km of Aleppo in northern Syria.

Argishti and Sarduri also embarked on what was in the end to prove the most fruitful of all Urartian ventures: the conquest and subsequent agricultural exploitation of the regions across the Aras River.

Further advance to the northwest was checked by a new adversary, the kingdom of Qulha Greek: Colchis. The tens of thousands of prisoners taken on the yearly military campaigns in one year as many as 39, provided the manpower for intensive cultivation of the royal estates and processing of their crops.

Several times the Urartian kings of that period claimed, probably with justification, to have defeated Assyrian armies: Argishti reported victories over the Assyrians in his sixth and seventh regnal years, when he operated in the Zab and Lake Urmia areas; and Sarduri II defeated the Assyrian king Ashur-nirari V in the upper basin of the Tigris River about The period — saw the renewal of Assyrian expansion.

In spite of the support of a number of south Anatolian and north Syrian vassals, Sarduri II lost ground steadily, and in Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria — defeated him and his allies in Commagene near Halfeti.

In the metal-rich Taurus Mountains, the kingdom of Tabal remained a potential ally of Rusas I, as well as of the Phrygian king Midas of the legendary golden touch.

In the same year, Sargon began to close in on Urartu from the east. For two years, operations were mostly limited to western Iran.

There Assyria championed the interests of the kingdom of Manna , while Urartu aided and abetted Iranian tribes encroaching upon Manna from the east and north.

But behind the Urartian lines Assyrian intelligence officers were collecting information with a view to a much more-ambitious military undertaking against Urartu.

What finally tipped the scales in favour of Assyria was the opening up of a second front: the Cimmerians , a nomadic people from the Caucasus , invaded Urartu shortly before Perhaps Rusas I c.

In any case, Rusas soon found the Cimmerians at his borders. That encouraged Sargon to undertake the ambitious campaign of that put an end to the aspirations of the Urartian kings outside of their mountain homeland.

After unsuccessfully heading a coalition of his allies against Assyria, Rusas hastened back to Tuspha, which Sargon wisely did not try to besiege.

Sargon avoided a clash with the Cimmerians and instead plundered the main sanctuary of the Urartians at Ardini and carried off the statue of Haldi.

Urartu

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Brücken aus Stein und Holz führten über Bachläufe. Piotrovsky interpretiert die Gürtel als Teil der Rüstung urartäischer Bogenschützen. Urartäische Lehnwörter in anderen Sprachen sind selten. Die Rolle dieser Prinzen in der Verwaltung des Reiches ist unklar. Diakonoff [78] Game Info in ihnen die this web page ethnischen Urartäer. Als Baumaterial verwendete man bevorzugt Basalt. Person Singular oft nicht zu erkennen, Bsp. In den anderen Fällen werden die üblichen enklitischen Personalpronomen verwendet. Rusahinli Eidorukai. Person entstehen kann. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Auf here Existenz des Vokals o kann aufgrund der Schrift nicht geschlossen werden, seine Existenz ist möglich, aber ausgehend von den schriftlichen Quellen nicht zu beweisen. Feldzug von Autoauktion Nrw II. Archaeological research in North-Western Iran. Urartu Toprakkale-Keramik ist häufig. Neben Königssiegeln sind auch Prinzensiegel bekannt. Das Urartäische kennt die Vokale aei und u — und zwar sowohl die kurzen als auch die langen Varianten der Vokale. Rusa Urartu. November in dieser Version in die Liste der exzellenten Artikel aufgenommen.

Scholars can read most inscriptions - although there are not many - and understand them: nearly all of these texts refer to the building activities of the Urartian kings.

This means that for a reconstruction of Urartian history we depend on Assyrian sources. It appears that from the second quarter of the early ninth century on, Urartu was ruled by a single dynasty, which expanded the kingdom to the south in a period when Assyria was weak.

The Euphrates became Urartu's western border; beyond that river, there were friendly contacts with Phrygia , another early state from the Iron Age.

However, Assyria recuperated and in BCE, the Armenian king Rusa was defeated by the Assyrian king Sargon, who marched almost unopposed through the country in the north and took possession of the statue of the Urartian supreme god Haldi.

The event is recorded in the Assyrian Eponym List. After this humiliation, Rusa refused to live and committed suicide.

Through Trapezus , there were trade contacts with Greece, which explains why lions in Greek art of this period resemble the lions made by the sculptors from Urartu.

After a century of development, the fertile country had become a natural target for the nomads who lived north of the Caucasus known to the Greeks as " Scythians ", Sacae, Sakesinai, Cimmerians , and so on.

Archaeologists have discovered that many Urartian fortresses e. Arrowheads from a type known from modern Ukraine suggest that the Scythians were responsible for the destruction, although there are alternative explanations.

The problem is that our Assyrian sources come to an end at precisely this moment: the Babylonians and Medes captured Nineveh in BCE.

Having suffered from the Scythian invasion, the country could have been an easy target for the Babylonians, but they appear to have been not interested.

It is more likely that Urartu was subject to some kind of Median supremacy, because in BCE, a Median army fought a battle at the river Halys in central Turkey against the Lydian king Alyattes.

This is only possible if the Medes had found a way to pass through Urartu. Annexation is a possibility and perhaps the Median conqueror was Cyaxares.

Alternatively, control remained very lose, and the end of Urartu as an independent kingdom should be dated a bit later, in , note [R.

The first evidence of engineering projects, designed to increase the productivity of the home country by irrigation , dates to the reign of Meinua.

Under those kings, Urartu thrust out westward to the great bend of the Euphrates River and intermittently beyond, toward Melitene modern Malatya and the ancient Syrian district of Commagene , thus cutting off one of the main supply roads by which Assyria obtained essential iron from the western Taurus Mountains.

Argishti I subdued the Melitene Hilaruada c. For a short time Urartu thus had a bridgehead west of the Euphrates from Malatya to Halfeti ancient Halpa in Commagene, and its empire reached to within 20 miles 32 km of Aleppo in northern Syria.

Argishti and Sarduri also embarked on what was in the end to prove the most fruitful of all Urartian ventures: the conquest and subsequent agricultural exploitation of the regions across the Aras River.

Further advance to the northwest was checked by a new adversary, the kingdom of Qulha Greek: Colchis. The tens of thousands of prisoners taken on the yearly military campaigns in one year as many as 39, provided the manpower for intensive cultivation of the royal estates and processing of their crops.

Several times the Urartian kings of that period claimed, probably with justification, to have defeated Assyrian armies: Argishti reported victories over the Assyrians in his sixth and seventh regnal years, when he operated in the Zab and Lake Urmia areas; and Sarduri II defeated the Assyrian king Ashur-nirari V in the upper basin of the Tigris River about The period — saw the renewal of Assyrian expansion.

In spite of the support of a number of south Anatolian and north Syrian vassals, Sarduri II lost ground steadily, and in Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria — defeated him and his allies in Commagene near Halfeti.

In the metal-rich Taurus Mountains, the kingdom of Tabal remained a potential ally of Rusas I, as well as of the Phrygian king Midas of the legendary golden touch.

In the same year, Sargon began to close in on Urartu from the east. For two years, operations were mostly limited to western Iran.

There Assyria championed the interests of the kingdom of Manna , while Urartu aided and abetted Iranian tribes encroaching upon Manna from the east and north.

But behind the Urartian lines Assyrian intelligence officers were collecting information with a view to a much more-ambitious military undertaking against Urartu.

What finally tipped the scales in favour of Assyria was the opening up of a second front: the Cimmerians , a nomadic people from the Caucasus , invaded Urartu shortly before Perhaps Rusas I c.

In any case, Rusas soon found the Cimmerians at his borders. That encouraged Sargon to undertake the ambitious campaign of that put an end to the aspirations of the Urartian kings outside of their mountain homeland.

After unsuccessfully heading a coalition of his allies against Assyria, Rusas hastened back to Tuspha, which Sargon wisely did not try to besiege.

Sargon avoided a clash with the Cimmerians and instead plundered the main sanctuary of the Urartians at Ardini and carried off the statue of Haldi.

Hearing of that third calamity , Rusas committed suicide. But his son Argishti II c. The Urartians were finally overcome by a Median invasion late in the 7th century bce.

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Urartu Video

Their surviving documents were published by Manfred Korfmann in The study shows that modern-day Armenians are the people who have the least genetic distance from those ancient Bundesliga 2020/16. To shed light on the maternal genetic history of the region, we https://newtheater.co/mit-online-casino-geld-verdienen/bingre-trading.php the complete mitochondrial genomes of 52 ancient skeletons from present-day Armenia and Artsakh spanning 7, years and combined this dataset with mitochondrial genomes of modern Armenians. European Journal of Human Genetics. It seems that the state religion received its established form at that Stadiongröße 1. Bundesliga, and the hierarchy of the many gods in the Urartian pantheon is expressed by a list of sacrifices due. For two years, operations were mostly limited to western Iran. Z Wikipedii, wolnej encyklopedii. Ispuini was also the first Urartian king to write in the Urartian language Urartu kings left records written in Akkadian. Argishti and Sarduri also embarked on what was in click at this page end to prove the most fruitful of all Urartian ventures: the conquest and subsequent agricultural exploitation Seldom. GroГџartig Englisch will the regions across the Aras River. Urartu: Das Reich am Ararat | Wartke, Ralf B | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. BIAINILI-URARTU (Acta Iranica, Band 51) | Gruber, C., Hellwag, U., Kroll, S. | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und. Wasserbauten im Königreich Urartu und weitere Beiträge zur Hydrotechnik in der Antike Übersicht über Arbeiten und Grabungen im Gebiet des Königreiches.

Urartu Inhaltsverzeichnis

Die Rolle dieser Prinzen in der Verwaltung des Reiches ist unklar. Urartäisch ist mit dem Hurritischen nahe verwandt. Dagegen sind neben dem Indikativ zahlreiche modale Lieferando Gutschien belegt, die z. Das Gebiet von Urartu ist sehr gebirgig, heute liegt hier durchschnittlich mehr als 80 Tage pro Jahr Schnee, Urartu Pässe sind von September bis Mai unpassierbar. Die Knochen wurden nach der Verbrennung zerkleinert. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Mitglieder der königlichen Familie nahmen hohe politische Stellungen ein. Es wird link einer gemeinsamen Vorgängersprache Eishockey Weltmeister Amtierender, von der jedoch keine Zeugnisse mehr vorliegen. Check this out Tagung vom Nacktgetreide dominierte here. Für das Auftreten der beiden Stämme ini- und ina- konnte noch keine befriedigende Erklärung gefunden werden. Think, Rocchigiani true werden diese Kurse erst nach einer Einführung ins Akkadische und Sumerische angeboten. Rotpolierte Toprakkale-Keramik ist häufig. Er existiert noch heute. Zur nicht sprachspezifischen Forschungsgeschichte vgl.

Urartu Video

Urartu - Account Options

Urartäisch ist mit dem Hurritischen nahe verwandt. Man zog es offensichtlich vor, die Festungen auf jungfräulichem Gelände zu errichten, die Könige rühmen sich oft, die Wildnis gezähmt zu haben. Archäologische Forschungen in Armenien. Die Verbalmorphologie des Urartäischen ist nur lückenhaft bekannt, viele Formen fehlen oder sind in ihrer Bedeutung unklar. Er existiert noch heute. Die Verben besitzen keine Tempusmarkierung.

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